Chaco Canyon, New Mexico: Anasazi and Ancestral Puebloans

The Hopi and Pueblo, who speak orally of their history in Chacoan, regard it as the spiritual house of their forefathers. The Park Service is developing strategies to safeguard ChACOan websites as part of its National Historic Landmarks Program. While efforts to maintain the park might contravene the religious beliefs of local individuals, tribal agents deal with the National Park Service to share their understanding and respect for the heritage of Chacao culture. The site is so essential to the Navajo Indians in the Southwest that they continue to regard and honor it as a sacred site for their ancestors. Ancient Pueblos built various grand houses, kivas and pueblos in the canyon perched atop mesas along a nine-mile stretch in a nearby drainage location. The canyon and its environments have a rich history of cultural, spiritual, political, economic and social development. It is not known how many of the ancient Chacoans lived in the canyon, but the effort to protect and study these animals has actually discovered more than 2,400, the huge bulk of which have not yet been excavated.

Colorado Plateau Anasazi: Truths and Fiction

Anasazi describes the physical remains of a pre-Columbian peasant people who lived about a thousand years back in the 4 Corners region of Colorado, roughly the age of today's Pueblo people. Due to their geographical location, the Anasazi cultures were divided into three primary areas or branches: the Colorado Plateau, the Puleos and the Rio Grande Valley. Their historical sites lie in Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Texas, Mexico and New York. Modern Pueblo oral customs say that it came from Lake Shibapu, where the underworld stemmed from the depths of the Colorado River and the Puleos River, the source of water from which the Anasazi beverage. In an unknown age, the Great Spirit who led North America led the Anasazi, a group of individuals from the Pueblo area of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, to the Colorado River.