Chaco Canyon –-- United States –-- Spiritual Land

The Hopi and Pueblo, who speak orally of their history in Chacoan, regard it as the spiritual home of their forefathers. The Park Service is establishing strategies to secure ChACOan websites as part of its National Historic Landmarks Program. While efforts to maintain the park may conflict with the faiths of local people, tribal representatives work with the National Park Service to share their knowledge and respect for the heritage of Chacao culture. The site is so important to the Navajo Indians in the Southwest that they continue to respect and honor it as a sacred website for their ancestors. Ancient Pueblos constructed various grand houses, kivas and pueblos in the canyon perched atop mesas along a nine-mile stretch in a nearby drain location. The canyon and its surroundings have an abundant history of cultural, religious, political, financial and social development. It is not understood the number of of the ancient Chacoans lived in the canyon, however the initiative to protect and study these animals has discovered more than 2,400, the large majority of which have not yet been excavated.

Farmington's Chaco Culture National Forest

The rise of the Chaco culture brought an influx of trade and goods into the Chico Canyon and neighboring areas. The canyon began to decay as a regional center when the new structures stopped and the impact on the Aztec ruins and other big houses moved. At the same time, individuals moved away from the canyon and reinvented themselves in other places, such as New Mexico, Arizona and New York City City. A recent study found that a scarlet macaw, a colorful parrot, was brought from Mesoamerica to Pueblo Bonito on a journey undertaken by a member of the elite class of the Chaco Canyon culture, the Aztecs. It would have been a great piece of high-end that would have assisted identify whether Chico Canyon comes from the elite class or not. The Chaco Canyon was a pre-Columbian civilization that thrived from the 9th to 12th century AD in the San Juan Basin in the American Southwest. The Chacoan civilization represented a group of ancient people called ancestral peoples in the face of the modern-day indigenous peoples of our southwest, whose lives are organized around the "individuals" (property communities). Research study recommends that cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate, was also given Chico Canyon from Mesoamerica around 900 AD.