Anasazi Indians: Ancient Native American Culture 66990514305171652204.jpg

Anasazi Indians: Ancient Native American Culture

The Anasazi Indians, likewise called native peoples, are a group of ancient individuals to whom historians and scientists associate the remarkable cliff peoples found in present-day Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah. The name "Anasazi" comes from the Navajo Indians and implies "enemy of the ancestors. " The modern oral custom of the Pueblo states that the An-Asazi Indians, or Native American Indians, originated in Sipapu, where they emerged from an underworld. Today's Hopi Indians claim the Ansazis to be their ancestors, but the name Anaszi is loosely translated as "Opponent of the Ancestors. " Anaszi, the spirit who led the chiefs in the conclusion of the magnificent migration of individuals across the North American continent, and the Anasazi. It is not clear why the Anasazi or Native Americans left their homes integrated in the 12th and 13th centuries, but it is understood that they settled in Arizona, New Mexico, prior to relocating to their present area. There is no evidence that the people referred to as "Anasazis" mysteriously vanished from the southwestern United States, nor is it clear why they left their ancestral homeland in between the 11th and 13th centuries.

Pithouses, Pueblo, and Kiva: The Anasazi

The Pithouse, now totally underground, most likely played a mainly ritualistic function in the Pueblo, as did the Kiva, and the aboveground areas ended up being year-round residences. Throughout this period, a home style known as "unity" or "pueblos," which had its origins in earlier periods, developed into a universal type of settlement. In Puebla II, the poles and clay buildings of Puleo were changed by great stone masonry. In the Pueblos real estate system, the primary house was a rectangular living and storage room situated in the center of the building, with kitchen area, bathroom, dining-room and kitchen location. Willey says that in towns in northwestern New Mexico, big slabs of mud and plaster lined the dug-out walls. Instantly southeast of an underground kiwa there is a waste and ash dump and a Midden. The Sipapu, a small hole in the middle of the lodge, probably served as a place where people from the underground world emerged to the surface of the earth. The later basketmakers likewise constructed an underground hut with kitchen area, bathroom, dining room and storeroom. In a 2007 post in the journal American Antiquity, a team of scientists reported that the population of the Mesa Verde region in Colorado more than doubled between about 700 and 850 ADVERTISEMENT. The town in northwestern New Mexico was built on the site of an ancient settlement, the Pueblo de la Paz, about 300 miles north of Santa Fe. The town utilized a new type of surface area structure known to archaeologists as a block of space. In addition to pit homes, they were also geared up with fireplaces and storage locations. Crow Canyon archaeologists discovered that the blocks were made of clay, stone and plant materials, though stone masonry gained in significance in time. For instance, a surrounding stack plastered with clay and adobe was erected in the middle of a pit home, surrounded by a stone wall.Pithouses, Pueblo, Kiva: Anasazi 1111970432633.jpeg In the late first millennium, the Anasazi started to build carefully crafted walls around their pit homes. Sometimes they constructed piahouses, which functioned as a sort of ritualistic space, kiwa or perhaps as a place of worship. A well-planned neighborhood with a strong sense of neighborhood would leave a cumulative mark on the walls of its pits.